Mountain Lions go by many names, cougars, pumas, catamount and panthers to name a few. Their scientific name is Puma concolor. They are solitary, elusive animals that are not easily seen in the wild. They live in remote areas and have very large territories. The average territory is around 100 square miles, but can be anywhere from 10 square miles to 370 square miles. They are found from Canada to Argentina and from California to Texas, with a few found around the Mssissippi and of course the Florida Panther in Florida.
Mountain Lions prey on a variety of large mammals including, mule deer, elk, mountain sheep and even wild horses. They'll also prey on smaller animals such as coyotes, rabbits, squirrels and raccoons. Mule Deer tend to be a large portion of their diet. Mountain lions are stealthy and like to ambush their prey, grabbing them by the base of the skull then breaking their neck.
Mountain Lions can weigh between 100 pound females to 200 pound males. A 10 year old lion in the wild is considered old, but they can live up to 12 years--in captivity they can live up to 25 years. Adult cats are tan in color. The females and males look quite similar except males tend to be roughly 35% larger than females. Cubs are camouflaged with spots to help them avoid predators.
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